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There are many occasions when you will need to change your sewing machine needle. I change my needle daily when I switch between fabric types and at least weekly when I’m working on new projects.
If you’re a beginner, knowing how to put a needle in a sewing machine is one of the first skills to master after learning how to set up your sewing machine. I’ll walk you through the steps in this beginner sewing tutorial.
Since I own several sewing machines, I have pictures of how to change the needle on a Singer sewing machine and how to change the needle on a Brother sewing machine. Even if you don’t have one of these two brands of machines, the process is very, very similar for most modern sewing machines!
When to Change A Sewing Machine Needle
There are several indications for when to replace the needle on a sewing machine. Obviously, if your needle is broken, bent, or dull, it’s time to put in a new needle.
Also, if you’re significantly changing the weight of thread or type of fabric (for instance, from a knit to a woven fabric), you may need to change your sewing machine needle.
Some sewers recommend changing needles after every project, but I change mine a little less frequently. An old needle, though, can wreak havoc on your stitching!
If you’re having problems troubleshooting sewing machine issues, it might be time to switch to a new needle. Here are a few issues you may have that are worth a new sewing machine needle when troubleshooting.
- Threads breaking while sewing
- Large punctures in the fabric
- Popping sound when puncturing the fabric (caused by a dull or damaged tip)
- Skipped or uneven stitches
I also recently wrote a post on the different types and sizes of sewing machine needles that gives a bit more information about choosing needles.
How to Change A Sewing Machine Needle
1. Removing the Old Sewing Machine Needle
First, turn off your sewing machine (for your safety). I have my sewing machines on in the pictures so I can have better lighting and get better images.
To remove the sewing machine needle, you first need to loosen the needle clamp screw. The needle clamp is what holds the needle itself in place. There should be a small screw to the right of this needle clamp.
Depending on your sewing machine, loosening the screw happens in a few ways. On my Singer heavy-duty sewing machine, the needle clamp screw is easily be twisted by hand. Unscrew towards you, or counterclockwise, to loosen the screw. Keep a hold of the needle with your other hand in case it falls out.
On my Brother sewing machine, the needle clamp screw is not as easily unscrewed by hand if it is tightened. Here, I use my flat-head screwdriver to turn the screw counterclockwise towards me to loosen the needle.
There’s no need to loosen the needle clamp screw considerably. Do just enough to loosen the needle.
Grab the needle with your thumb and pointer finger and remove it at an angle. Sometimes, it may be easier for you to remove the presser foot while you are removing the needle to give you more space for your fingers and pivoting the needle out.
Note whether the flat side of the needle shank (top part of the needle) is facing the front or back. All the sewing machines I have ever used have the flat part of the needle facing towards the back of the machine. Here’s a quick diagram showing the round and flat sides.
2. How to Put the Needle in a Sewing Machine
There are three ways to insert a sewing machine new needle that I’ll walk you through.
Inserting The Needle Using Your Fingers
The first way for replacing the needle is to use your fingers to angle the needle up and into the screw clamp. Make sure you’ve pushed it up as far as it will go and the flat part of the needle is facing the back.
Then, tighten the screw back clockwise. Make sure it is as tight as you can get it. A wobbly needle will cause all sorts of problems!
Inserting Using a Clearance Plate
First, orient the needle in the clearance plate. You will be able to clearly tell which side is for the flat side and which is for the round side when looking at the plate. It should fit nice and snugly in the plate.
With the needle (and thus clearance plate) facing the correct direction, move the plate into the sewing space and insert the top of the needle into the needle clamp. The picture below shows how to do that.
Once you have the needle in the clamp, push it all the way up. You won’t see much of the top of the needle sticking out when it’s properly inserted.
With the needle pushed all the way into the clamp, tighten the needle clamp screw clockwise.
Inserting With a Dritz Needle Inserter and Threader
These work similarly to the clearance plate in that you insert the needle into the inserter and then use that to push the needle into the needle clamp.
3. Setting Up to Sew After a Needle Change
If you removed the presser foot, replace it.
Then, rethread your sewing machine needle making sure to place the thread from front to back through the eye of the needle. Pull the thread underneath the presser foot and towards the back.
If your sewing machine has an automatic needle threader, make sure your needle is aligned in the correct position for the needle threader to pass through the eye of the needle. If not, just thread your sewing machine needle by hand.
And that’s it! You just learned how to change a needle on a Singer or Brother sewing machine. Once you’ve done it a few times, it will become muscle memory!